Carroll County

About Carroll County

Recently, we found ourselves in Carroll County (#10). Though there are only three Ohio Historical Markers in the county, it has a rich history of its own. Luckily, we had set aside the whole day for this adventure, and upon doing some research we found that the Carroll County Historical Society has erected ten county markers of their own to denote other historic sites. These will not be included in this post, but if you would like to check out the markers and other associated photos check out this album on our Facebook page or on our map for this county.

Carroll County was originally part of Columbiana County, until it was authorized on December 25, 1832. The county was named after the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence, Charles Carroll, who was born in Annapolis, Maryland. Carroll died on November 14, 1832 at the age of 95. Carroll County has a rich historical narrative going back to the American Revolution, and was continuously used as a gateway to the West.

Markers and Text

#1-10: The Fighting McCooks and the Civil War

Side A: The Fighting McCooks and the Civil War

“Major Daniel McCook of Carrollton and his 9 sons and their cousins, the 5 sons of Dr. John McCook of Steubenville, won popular acclaim for their outstanding service in the United States Army and Navy.

Tribe of Dan

Maj. Daniel: mortally wounded at Buffington Island.

Maj. Latimer: a surgeon.

Brig. Gen. George: early regimental commander.

Midshipman John: died at sea.

Brig. Gen. Robert: murdered by guerrillas.

Maj. Gen. Alexander: commander of the 20th Corps.

Brig. Gen. Daniel Jr.: mortally wounded at Kennesaw Mt.

Maj. Gen. Edwin: served under Grant and Sherman.

Pvt. Charles: killed at Bull Run.

Col. John: seriously wounded in Virginia.”

Side B: The Fighting McCooks and the Civil War

“Major Daniel McCook of Carrollton and his 9 sons and their cousins, the 5 sons of Dr. John McCook of Steubenville, won popular acclaim for their outstanding service in the United States Army and Navy.

Tribe of John

Maj. Gen. Edward: captured Confederates behind the lines.

Brig. Gen. Anson: served with distinction in 3 battles and 2 campaigns.

Rev. Henry: a chaplain.

Marine Lt. Roderick: accepted the surrender of a Confederate regiment.

Lt. John: served when only 18 years old.”

#2-10: The Ohio Country in the Revolution/The Great Trail

Side A: The Ohio Country in the Revolution

“The western wilderness that later became the state of Ohio played a major role in American, British, and Native American strategy during the American Revolution. In 1778, General George Washington ordered General Lachlan McIntosh to establish a new fort in Ohio to provide a base for a spring campaign on Fort Detroit, held by the British and allied tribes. That fall McIntosh set out from Fort Pitt with over 1,200 troops. On the nights of November 13 and 14, 1778. McIntosh’s expedition camped at this site. They subsequently joined forces with friendly Delawares and proceeded west to the Tuscarawas River, where they fulfilled their mission by establishing Fort Laurens. Located at present-day Bolivar, it was the only Continental Army fort built in Ohio during the Revolution.”

Side B: The Great Trail: Gateway to the Ohio Country

“The ancient trail that passed near this spot was the major overland route entering the Ohio Country from the east through the 1700s. Also known as the Tuscarawas Path, the Great Trail was used by Native Americans, European explorers, fur traders, missionaries, military expeditions, land agents – and settlers after Ohio became a state. In January 1761, during the French and Indian War, Major Robert Rogers and thirty-eight rangers passed en route to Fort Pitt after taking Fort Detroit from the French. In 1764, during “Pontiac’s Conspiracy,” Colonel Henry Bouquet crossed here with an army of 1,500 men on his way to Goshachgunk (Coshocton), where he treated with the Delaware and freed captives. During the American Revolution, the Continental Army under General Lachlan McIntosh camped here for two days in November 1778.”

 

#3-10: Charles E. Wilson

Side A & B: Charles E. Wilson

“Charles E. Wilson was born on July 18, 1890 in Minerva. After earning a degree in electrical engineering from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1909, he joined the Westinghouse Electric Company in Pittsburgh before moving to General Motors in Detroit in 1919. By January 1941, Wilson had become president of General Motors, and during World War II directed the company’s huge defense production efforts, earning him a U.S. Medal of Merit in 1946. While still with General Motors, President Dwight Eisenhower selected him as secretary of defense in January 1953. During his confirmation hearings, Wilson said, “What was good for the country was good for General Motors and visa versa,” but was interpreted as saying solely, “What’s good for General Motors is good for America.” He served Eisenhower for four years, reorganizing the department of defense to effectively deal with missile and nuclear technology. he died in Norwood, Louisiana, on September 26, 1961.”

Conclusions

We both thought it was odd for a county with an apparently active historical association (McCook House, Algonquin Mill, County based marker program, association with Ohio History Connection, etc.) to have only three state markers. But when you look at the three markers, they commemorate events, places, and people that influenced the larger state and national historic narrative. The ten county markers on the other hand, were for sites of great importance to the county and immediate areas, though maybe not the state as a whole. We believe that if this is a conscious decision on the community’s part, it would be a good model for other areas to adopt. Even in our limited travels, we have noticed many state markers that – at best – were of importance to the community they were situated in, let alone the state or nation as a whole.

We had a great time in Carroll County! If you would like more information on the history of this county as well as information on their annual summer event at the historic Algonquin Mill complex check out the links below.

We hope you continue to follow our blog! Between posts we will also be active on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram, so feel free to follow our epic quest through these sites as well. (Find us by searching 1465orbust on your favorite social media platform.)

 

See you at the next marker!

~J & N

Links

Facebook Album: Carroll County Photos

Map: Google Map of Carroll County

Remarkable Ohio: http://www.remarkableohio.org/index.php?/category/137

Carroll County Historical Society: http://carrollcountyhistoricalsociety.com/

Carroll County History Works Cited: Ohio History Connection & USHistory.org

 

 

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